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Exercises 25.9 Exercises


Prove that \(e^{ix}=\cos(x)+i\sin(x)\) using Taylor series. Try to include proofs of the convergence of everything involved.


Many books have a chain of reasoning interpreting the value \(\zeta(-1)=\frac{1}{12}\text{.}\) Find a physical one and summarize the argument. (The Specialized References and Other References may have some suggestions.) Do you buy that adding all positive integers could possibly have a meaning?


Differentiate the function \(h(x)=x^x\text{.}\) Why is this question appropriate for this chapter?


Verify numerically that \(\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{\mu(n)}{n}\to 0\text{;}\) first try a calculator, then a computer. How close can you get to zero before your computer gives up?


Read one of the several excellent introductions to the Riemann Hypothesis intended for the “general reader”. (Some are listed in the Specialized References.)

Exercise Group.

A natural next direction to explore is the notion of elliptic curves. These exercises will help you think about what you find interesting about them!


How are elliptic curves used in cryptography? (Peruse Chapters 11–12 for references.)


What is the Birch-Swinnerton-Dyer Conjecture? Find out as much about it as you can. (See the Specialized References, for instance.)


Answer one of these questions, or all of them.
  • What is a partition of a number?
  • What are continued fractions?
  • What is a number field?


What else do you want to know about numbers? What are you inspired to discover?